Lake Victoria Regional Project On Promotion Of Cleaner Production Technologies

INTRODUCTION

The Lake Victoria Environmental Management Programme (LVEMP II) aims at contributing to the East African Community’s (EAC) Vision and Strategy Framework for Management and Development of the Lake Victoria basin of having a prosperous population living in a healthy and sustainably managed environment providing equitable opportunities and benefits. Under this project, KNCPC is the regional coordinator working together with Uganda Cleaner Production Centre(UCPC), Tanzania Cleaner Production Centre(TCPC) and later Rwanda and Burundi. The Project will contribute to broad-based poverty alleviation and improvement of shared natural resources of the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB).

Project and Cleaner Project

The Cleaner Production Project under LVEMP II is designed to address pollution and inefficient utilization of resources in industries. The project started with an inception phase, which ran from November 2006 to August 2008 with funding from SIDA. The Inception phase of the project focused on “Building the capacity of the National Cleaner Production Centres as well as the Rwanda Environment Management Authority to implement Cleaner Production under LVEMPII. In addition, the Inception Phase undertook initial foundational activities critical for implementing CP activities in the region in Phase II. These included:

  • Strengthening the Kenyan NCPC in terms of financial and procurement procedures to the desired levels for a Coordinating Institution;
  • Developing a Voluntary Environmental Code of Conduct for enterprises;
  • Awareness and training sessions for enterprises at regional and national level on the Code of Conduct;
  • Developing a common Cleaner Production training manual;
  • Developing a framework for Cleaner Production Revolving Fund; an
  • Holding awareness raising sessions for financial institutions on CP financing.

The second phase of the project is being implemented under Component 2.2 of the Lake Victoria Environmental Management Program phase II (LVEMP II) and is being coordinated by the Lake Victoria Basin through the Kenya National Cleaner Production Centre (KNCPC). The project in Tanzania started in August 2010 after signing a MoU with the KNCPC.

Specific Objectives

  • Improve collaborative management of trans-boundary natural resources of LVB for the shared benefits of the EAC Partner States.
  • Reduce environmental stress in targeted pollution hot spots and selected degraded sub-catchments to improve the livelihoods of communities who depend on the natural resources of the LVB.

Regarded as an instrument to:

  • Achieve stress reduction outcomes in priority hotspots i.e. the project’s interventions are expected to have measurable impact on the estuaries, bays, and gulfs due to point source pollution control.
  • Lay a foundation for the long-term program for sustainable improvement in the environmental status and water quality.

The promotion of cleaner production technologies sub component

Key Outcomes and Indicators of Promotion of Cleaner Production Technologies

The Promotion of Cleaner Production Technologies is a sub-component of the LVEMPII that seeks to reduce point sources of pollution from industry, by supporting the uptake of cleaner technologies and techniques in industry to rehabilitate priority degraded sub-catchments of Lake Victoria. It is coordinated regionally by the Kenya National Cleaner Production Centre (KNCPC). The implementing partners are: the Uganda Cleaner Production Centre (UCPC), Cleaner Production Centre of Tanzania (CPCT), Rwanda Resource Efficient & Cleaner Production Centre (RRECPC), and Department of Industry of Burundi.The Cleaner Production project seeks to increase the competitiveness of the Lake Basin industries by reducing wastes, and negative impacts whilst enhancing raw material utilization efficiencies by deploying cleaner technologies and techniques. The project targets at building the capacity of industry through education, training and a “learning-by-doing” cleaner production audits. This is in line with the region’s Vision Strategy that is looking at shifting industrial transformation from regulatory intervention to promotion of voluntary initiatives. The vision strategy specifically aims at (i) building the capacity of enterprises to formulate and implement pollution prevention strategies and programmes that will improve their competitiveness and productivity (ii) building up the capacity of the region to formulate and manage an overall strategy for industrial development within the framework of an open economy (iii) strengthening the capability of both the private and public sector players to manage development resources within the region leading to a quality environment and employment creation for poverty reduction.

Long Term Impact

The Cleaner Production project is expected to contribute towards the long-term impact of sustainable industrial development in the Lake Victoria Basin realized through increased industrial productivity as well as by reduced industrial pollution loadings into the Lake.

Project Development Objective (PDO)

The PDO of this project is “to promote the Utilization of Cleaner Production Technologies by industries in the Lake Victoria Basin”
The success of this Project Development Objective shall be evaluated through the following:

  • Adoption of integrated environmental management by industries and switch to Cleaner Production technologies and techniques
  • Reduced point source pollution from industries and enhanced efficiency of resource utilization

The interventions of the Cleaner Production sub-component shall be on:

Component 1: The promotion of Education and Information Dissemination on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

Component 2: Promotion of Cleaner Production Demonstration Projects in enterprises.

 

Commitment
  • Top level industry management commitment
Geo-mapping
  • A total of 189 industries have been identified and mapped within the Lake Victoria Basin followed by generation of an interactive map with color codes to differentiate between pollution intensities.
Baseline waste water effluent characteristics
  • Analysis of wastewater effluents for COD, BOD, Total Nitrates and Total Phosphates has been done for baseline information.
Training of trainers
  • Training of Trainers of the industry in Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Kisumu in a Training of Trainer (TOTs) session. These workshops that were held had two participants drawn from over 68 enterprises.
In plant assessment
  • An extensive plant-level process & systems audit was be carried out in participating companies. The focus is on resources used, processes and products and key performance indicators (wastewater in m3/unit production, water use in m3/unit production, energy use Kwhr/unit production etc), identification of RECP options to guide in setting specific industry reduction targets.
Generating of RECP options for implementation
  • Generating energy efficiency/renewable energy options, waste minimization (WM) options and developing a Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production (RECP) implementation plan.
Monitoring
  • Pollution intensities and key performance indicators (KPI) as the companies implement the RECP options RECP.
  • Developing sector specific resource efficient & cleaner production (RECP) quick reference manuals .
  • Developing Regional Sector and/or cluster -specific waste reduction targets.
  • Providing technical assistance to develop effluent discharge control plans and environmental management systems to enable industry clusters/sectors comply toharmonised regulations & standards.
  • Developing & launching the Regional Cleaner Production Industry Award for businesses achieving highest pollution reduction levels.

 

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