Promoting chemical safety management in the African region

Mapping of Major Transport and Warehousing related Hazards in the East African Sub-Region


Promoting chemicals safety management in the African region project is a joint project developed by UNEP- International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) and implemented by the Kenya National Cleaner Production Center (KNCPC) with particular emphasis on safe handling and transportation of chemicals in and out of the port, safe practices in warehousing of chemical products and appropriate emergency preparedness.

The mapping exercise provides a means to identify what enters into the respective sub-region through the two port areas, in what quantities, the actors that are responsible for the transport of the different chemicals that are imported and the final destinations.

Objectives of the Hazard Mapping

The ultimate goal of the project is to prevent accidents with chemicals in the East African sub-region, looking at the flow of chemicals from the Port of Mombasa to destinations in Kenya and in the sub-region (Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, and South Sudan. To achieve this objective, measures are required to reduce the risks that might occur while chemicals are transported, stored, handled or processed. In general „risk” is understood as the likelihood of being exposed to a hazard. Therefore the specific risks depend on various factors including both the hazard properties of a chemical, the volumes managed as well as other measures to control exposure like training for truck drivers, safe packaging and appropriate process control.

The Hazard Mapping exercise provides a starting point for further risk assessment, prioritization and targeted actions. The hazard mapping exercise will reveal the chemical substances that are most relevant for the transport and warehousing in the sub-region as a whole and will identify the related hazards. This will provide a preliminary mapping of hazard hotspots.

For this purpose, the report gathers data on the most relevant chemical hazards and the quantities of chemicals transported and stored in Kenya in large volumes. Subsequently, this information forms the basis for identifying priorities for risk assessments taking into account both chemical hazards and exposure parameters like volume, mode of transport and storage areas. Based on the outcomes of the risk assessment, it will be possible to identify priorities for further actions.

Expected results

  • Identify and evaluate the major stakeholders related to the warehousing/product of chemicals and their transport. Include the appropriate stakeholders in the data gathering process as many will be end users of the hazard mapping.
  • Identify and evaluate the main hazardous industrial sites (warehousing and production) in Kenya using table FT2 of FEAT (the Flash Environmental Assessment Tool). These results also feed into the next result of identifying and evaluating the main transport routes
    A. A priority is placed on the Mombasa Port and the surrounding CFSs (Container Freight Stations.
  • Identify and evaluate the main hazardous routes through which chemicals are transported throughout Kenya, and to a lesser degree to neighbouring countries, using TransAPELL
    A. Identify location of accidentsalong identified transportation routes, if possible whether chemicals were involved and if so, which type of chemical was involved.
  • Summarize the hazard results graphically. This can be just map cut-outs of different regions in Kenya with, marking the major hazards. This should not be an interactive map.
  • Recommendations of further actions to alleviate hazard hotspots.

Note: the objective is to identify most of the major hazards, NOT ALL hazards.


Geographical boundary conditions

The focus of the study is on Kenya including a minor assessment on the situation in neighbouring countries. In Kenya, the geographical boundary conditions are:

  • Points of entry/exit in Kenya:
  • The Mombasa Port and surrounding CFSs (Container Freight Station)
  • Border areas
  • Major industrial sites (warehousing or industrial site): in Mombasa, Nairobi, Nakuru, Kisumo, etc. and surrounding their surrounding areas.
  • Transport routes between border areas/ ports and industrial hubs (warehousing or industrial site) In the neighbouring countries: (i) Uganda, (ii) Rwanda, (iii) Tanzania, others? (Ethiopia, Somalia, etc.)
  • Main border crossings
  • Main industrial destinations

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Product Categry Industrial Site Road Transport Rail Transport Pipelines Water Transport



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