Lake Victoria Environmental Management Program (LVEMP II) Project Description

Project Description

The second phase of Lake Victoria Environmental Management Program (LVEMP II) covers Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. Under this project, Sub-component 2.2 that deals with promoting Cleaner Production technologies is being coordinated by the Kenya National Cleaner Production Centre (KNCPC). Its implementation commenced in August 2010. The sub-component is designed to address the industrial pollution challenges and unsustainable resource consumption patterns within the Lake Victoria Basin.

The component objective

The project component aims at bringing down the cost of production of the Lake Basin enterprises by promoting waste reduction and negative impacts as well as optimizing material, water and energy utilization through the application of Cleaner Production technologies and techniques. Reduced production cost should see the cost of products coming down while reduced pollution should result in improvement of the quality of water of the Lake.

The greatest challenge as was found in the first phase (LVEMP I) for this Project Sub-Component was establishing clear baselines on pollution loadings from industry as well as facilitating the acquisition of Cleaner technologies by industries. The implementation of this sub-component in the second phase (LVEMP II) has tried to address this challenge by establishing some reliable baseline data on industrial pollution loadings into the Lake Victoria from the Lake Basin industries. This has been partially achieved through the establishment of the hydraulic loading from the industries and using the results of the analyzed parameters i.e. Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Nitrogen (TN) and Total Phosphorous (TP) from each of the industries. This program has also attempted to establish the number of industries in the basin. This has been achieved through the geo referencing of the industries within the basin even though not all have been mapped during this reporting period.

The Pollution into the Lake can be reduced by about 60% through Cleaner Production, whilst wasteful resources can be reduced by 30 - 35%. Further, Companies make savings from the avoided waste and are able to be competitive and sustain jobs. So far 89 industries have been identified for the intervention. 65 of the 89 mapped industries have been trained and out of this, 38 have had pollution prevention and resource efficiency programs implemented in their companies.


  1. Geo-mapping – A total of 89 industries have been mapped and categorized into 15 sectors i.e. bakery, dairy, distillery, engineering works, fish, food processing, garage, horticulture, textile, tea, sugar, soft drinks, pulp and paper, petroleum and milling. Based on the estimated number of industries within the LVB to be 260, only 89 were mapped (34%).
  2. Sampling of the waste water – Sampling of wastewater effluents for analysis of COD, BOD, Total Nitrogen (TN) and Total Phosphorous (TP) levels has been done for 87 industries with wet flows. The results were used as baselines and have been used for generation of the interactive maps with different pollution intensities. The NEMA effluent discharge standards were used to determine the ranges used and the colour codes that were picked were green (for those meeting the standards), blue (for those slightly above the standards) and red (for those way off the set standards). Most of the industries are in the red zone.
  3. Training of trainers from industries and Regulatory bodies – Two people from each of the 65 industries were trained for three (3) days in Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production in Kisumu in Training of Trainer (TOTs) sessions. Up to 140 people ToTs have been trained to date with over 150 people being sensitized on RECP. To ensure that the regulators promote RECP alongside regulatory instruments for accelerated implementation of the program, KNCPC has trained 43 regulators a majority being NEMA County Directors, County Officers and compliance and enforcement officers. Others were from the Ministry of Public health and Sanitation, Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company, Water Resource Management Authority and Kisumu City Council. This has resulted in NEMA designing periodical training programs on RECP for their officers.
  4. In plant assessment – An extensive one week in plant assessment has been carried out in 38 industries to date. The assessment has been focusing on all the resources used, processes and products. During the assessments, the experts and the industry teams have been working on water, energy and raw materials and process waste. This has assisted in knowing the baseline information and setting the reduction targets for these industries. To exchange technical expertise in implementation the Centres have had joint assessments which have enhanced the speed of technical delivery.
  5. Generation of RECP options for implementation – This has been focusing on generating energy efficiency/renewable energy options, waste minimization (WM) options on the basis of the assessment of the industries. To ensure implementation, the KNCPC experts and industry teams have developed a Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production (RECP) management plan for implementation in all these industries RECP implementation and monitoring the pollution intensities as the companies are implementing the generated RECP options
  6. RECP Award – On the basis of implementation and adoption of RECP, NCPCs has recognized the best performing industries at both local and regional level.

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